Born in Tallinn in 1949; from 1960 lived in Riga; emigrated in 1971. Educated Moscow, Bar-Ilan, London Universities (Psychology and English Literature); also attended courses in History and Philosophy (the latter under Rector Jonathan Sacks) at London School of Jewish Studies, at its invitation and on its scholarship. Taught English, American, Russian and Comparative Literature at Bar-Ilan University, Jerusalem Academic College, City University, London; member of University of London Literature Panel (1982); taught Jewish History at Touro College and Schocken Institute, Jerusalem. Writer in Residence at Carmel College, Oxfordshire (1984-87); Wingate Scholar (London, 1990-93). In 1975 came to England to do postgraduate research on the poetry of T.S.Eliot and O.Mandelstam at Queen Mary College, University of London; since then resident in UK (apart from periods of work abroad).
Work in Russian in periodicals and anthologies in Russia, USA, Canada, France, Germany (in, among others, The New Russian Word, La Pensée Russe, The New Review, Grani, Kontinent, Sovremennik) ; two collections of verse in Russian, "Рыжие монеты" [Russet Coins] (Goldfinch Press, London, 1978) and "Небом и землею" [By Sky and Earth] (Amber Press, London, 1984).
Poems translated into (translators and co-translators include Alison Brackenbury, Donald Davie, D.J.Enright, John Heath-Stubbs, X.J.Kennedy, Maxine Kumin, Edwin Morgan, Peter Porter, Anne Ridler, Carol Rumens, Vernon Scannell, Ali Smith, W.D.Snodgrass, Anne Stevenson) and written in English published in, among others:
Britain and Ireland: The Times Literary Supplement, The Spectator, New Statesman, The Literary Review, Contemporary Review, The New Welsh Review, Poetry Review, English, Modern Poetry in Translation, Agenda, Ambit, Outposts, Critical Survey, Acumen, Aquarius, New Departures, Country Life, The Green Book, Poetry Wales, Swansea Review, Poetry Oxford, Poetry London, Poetry Durham, Poetry Nottingham, Lines Review; Poetry Ireland Review, Belfast Review, The Honest Ulsterman, Cyphers, Tracks, Riverine, Salmon;
The United States: Poetry, The Partisan Review, Raritan Review, Chicago Review, Massachusetts Review, New England Review and Bread Loaf Quarterly, Arizona Quarterly, Southwest Review, Midwest Quarterly, Northwest Review, Denver Quarterly, Prairie Schooner, Ploughshares, South Carolina Review, The Mid-America Poetry Review, Centennial Review, Colorado North Review, Webster Review, New Orleans Review, Poetry New York, The Yale Literary Magazine, The Beloit Poetry Journal, Seneca Review, Southern Humanities Review, Cumberland Poetry Review, The Hollins Critic, Mississippi Review, Southern Poetry Review, The Literary Review, Interim, The Green River Review, Bloomsbury Review, Confrontation, Midstream, Present Tense, Pulpsmith, The Cresset and as "Today's Poem" on Poetry Daily website 12 Feb 11;
Canada: Dalhousie Review, Poetry Canada Review, The Antigonish Review, Canadian Literature, The New Quarterly, Wascana Review, Ariel, Fiddlehead, Grain, Contemporary Verse 2, The Arc, Scrivener, Waves;
Australia and New Zealand: Southern Review, Westerly, Southerly, Poetry Australia, Poetry New Zealand, Quadrant, Overland, Adelaide Review, New England Review, Meanjin, The Age, Scripsi, The Phoenix Review, Linq, Mattoid, Imago, Scarp, Pacific Quarterly Moana;
France: Paris/Atlantic, Frank;
Israel: The Jerusalem Post, Ariel, Voices Israel, arc, B'Or HaTora;
South Africa: Contrast, The New Contrast;
In anthologies: Homage to Mandelstam (Cambridge, 1981), Island of the Children   (London, 1987), Yearbook of American Poetry (Beverly Hills, CA, 1985 and 1986/87), Am Erker (Münster, 1987), Poesie Europe (Frankfurt am Main, 1988), Selected Poems at XIII Congress of World Academy of Art and Culture (Jerusalem, 1993), English Poetry from Israel (Tel-Aviv, 1997), Modern Poets of Europe (Kathmandu, 2003).
Short stories in English in, among others: Partisan Review (USA), The New Quarterly (Canada), Massachussetts Review (USA), Antigonish Review (Canada), Northwest Review (USA), The North American Review (USA), Southern Review (Australia), Dalhousie Review (Canada), The Honest Ulsterman (Britain), Wascana Review (Canada), Mississippi Review (USA), Phoenix Review (Australia), Webster Review (USA), Ambit (Britain), Meridian (USA), Capilano Review (Canada), Kansas Quarterly / Arkansas Review (USA), New Contrast (South Africa),Wisconsin Review (USA), Event (Canada), New Letters (USA), Cyphers (Ireland), Confrontation (USA), Stand Magazine (Britain), Denver Quarterly (USA), Paris/Atlantic (France), Black Warrior Review (USA), Staple (Britain), Chicago Review (USA), Mattoid (Australia), Illuminations (Britain/USA), The North (Britain), South Carolina Review (USA), Westwords (Britain), The Literary Review (USA), Rampike Magazine (Canada), Amelia (USA), Panurge (Britain), Sequoia (USA), The Crosscurrent Magazine (New Zealand), MSS (USA), Arc (Israel), Gipsy (Germany/USA), Ninth Decade (Britain), St. Petersburg Review (USA), Scrivener (Canada), Kestrel (USA);
In anthologies: Literary Olympians: Crosscurrents' Anthology (Westlake Village, California, 1987), Leviathan 3 (Tallahassee, FL / Madison, WI, 2002).
Nine short stories broadcast on the BBC Radio 3 (1984-88).
A play published in The Honest Ulsterman (Britain); essays in, among others, Theatre Ireland and Selected Essays Presented at XIII Congress of World Academy of Arts and Culture (Jerusalem, 1993).
Work published also in Hebrew, French, Spanish and German translations.
Member of World Academy of Arts and Culture and British Society of Authors;
Founding member of Israeli Writers Federation (1974), current membership both in its Russian and English sections.
In 2008 the Library of Congress requested "correspondence and items that document [my] life and work."
Currently teaching English in Jerusalem.
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